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Mom, is your child allergic?

Allergies are some of the most common diseases in children. One out of four children is allergic. Mom, how do you know what your child is allergic to? How severe can allergies get?

An allergy is a hypersensitive reaction initiated by immunological mechanisms to a substance or substances that are normally harmless.

Allergic diseases may become chronic, causing not only a physical but also a social handicap to the sufferer.

Although a few patients are allergic to just one substance, most patients are sensitive to more than one thing.

Why should allergy tests be done?
If it is an allergy, then the offending allergen should be identified to be able to provide optimal and effective therapy. If it is not an allergy, then further investigation is recommended to determine the true cause of the symptoms.

Types of allergies:
Rhinitis: When allergic reactions affect the eyes, nose and throat.

Asthma: persistent wheeze, often accompanied by whistling breath, shortness of breath and coughing.

Food allergy: certain foods can cause digestive problems such as stomach pain, diarrhoea and vomiting in adults as well as in children, even from the first year of life.

Skin eczema: Young children often have eczema on their cheeks, torso and/or joints of the arms and legs.

Hives: Nettle rash or hives (urticaria) are localised, pale, itchy, pink wheals (swellings) that can burn or sting the skin.

Eye inflammation: Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the eyeballs’ outer layer, which can occur as a consequence of exposure to allergens or because of an ordinary cold infection.

Should my child be tested?
There are a number of diseases similar to allergies that can have completely different causes altogether. Therefore children with recurrent or persistent episodes should be tested for allergic diseases.
A blood test can be performed irrespective of age, symptoms, disease activity and/or severity, medication or pregnancy.

Different allergy tests
You or your child may be tested for allergies by two different methods—a skin-prick test or a blood test.

For a blood test: A blood sample is sent to a laboratory for analysis. Together with your doctor you can discuss which allergens to test.

For a skin-prick test: You or your child has a number of drops of a solution containing a possible allergen on the skin, and a series of scratches or needle pricks allows the solution to enter the skin.

For more info:
Or call ThermoFisher by 011 792 6790